As one of the important agricultural countries in Europe, Italy vigorously promotes the construction of agricultural photovoltaic projects, and relevant sites can be engaged in agricultural activities while meeting the needs of photovoltaic power generation. Enel announced in March this year that it will build the country's largest agricultural photovoltaic power station in the Lazio region where the capital Rome is located. After the power station is completed, the annual power generation will reach 280 GWh, which can meet the energy needs of about 111,000 local households and reduce about 130,000 tons of carbon emissions.
In terms of green hydrogen production, in April this year, the European Union approved a 450 million euro green hydrogen energy plan in Italy. In the future, Italy will increase investment in green hydrogen production, storage and transportation, and hydrogenation equipment. The Italian government also announced that it will invest 300 million euros to carry out hydrogen energy train pilots and related supporting facilities in some areas. Two green hydrogen projects in Sicily and the southern city of Taranto have also received public funding from the European Union. In addition, car hydrogen refueling stations have also been completed in Venice, Rome and other cities.
The Italian government has introduced a number of initiatives to encourage the development of renewable energy. The Italian Ministry of Environment and Energy Security signed a decree this year to promote photovoltaic, wind energy, hydropower and biomass energy to residents in the form of electricity price incentives and subsidies, and will allocate 2.2 billion euros to subsidize the construction and renewal of community renewable energy facilities. At the same time, the Italian government announced a subsidy of 1.1 billion euros to encourage agricultural photovoltaic projects to install efficient and innovative photovoltaic modules; another 1.5 billion euros in subsidies to help agricultural enterprises install photovoltaic systems on their roofs, and these enterprises will receive income from electricity sales after they are connected to the grid.
Italy has also continued to increase research and development in renewable energy technologies. In 2019, the Italian New Energy and Environment Committee proposed a three-year research plan on the main components of solar thermal power plants. The committee intends to establish an experimental platform in Rome for the study of solar-powered industrial thermal systems. At present, the city of Partana, Sicily has built Italy's first solar-thermal-photovoltaic hybrid power station. According to reports, the power station can meet the electricity demand of about 1/3 of the local households, and can store energy, and can run at full load for about 15 hours without the sun.
Giorgio Gratti, director of the Energy Technology and Renewable Resources Department of the Italian New Energy and Environment Committee, said that solar thermal power plants have many advantages, and can achieve large-scale effects in the short to medium term, and the medium and high temperature heat produced by them can be used for pharmaceutical, food and textile industry production, and can also provide energy for biomass fuel production and electrolysis of water for hydrogen production.